Home : China Guide : Three Gorges : Jiangdu Temple
Jiangdu Temple used to be the place where the ancestors offer their sacrifices to the god of the Yangtze. It was originally built in Guilin valley, Xintan town, nearly one thousand year ago.The current structure has a history of more than 200 years. It was rebuilt in the year of 2002 on the top of Fenghuang (Phoenix) Mountain,new Zigui County. Jiangdu Temple is one of the typical examples of the local architecture which merges the north official architecture pattern and the south delicate workmanship together. It is seldom seen among the numerous cultural relics unearthed in the Three Gorges region.
Also, Jiangdu Temple is one of the four "Du" temples which are situated all over the country and it is under well protection, only next to the key national relic reserve,"Jidu Temple".
Baidi City or the City of White Emperor is not a real city, but a mini city with some temples and gates on top of Baidi Hill in Fengjie County, located at the entrance of Qutang Gorge and 8 km from Fengjie County seat. Climbing over 500 steps, you can reach the top. It is the starting point of the Three Gorges and is most famous for Li Bai's great poem about the city written in the Tang Dynasty.
According to a local folk tale, when construction of the town began, a stream of white steam rose up from a well, like a white dragon flying up to heaven. The town was therefore named Baidi, meaning Heavenly White Dragon. During the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280), when Emperor Liu Bei of Shu retreated to Baidi after a disastrous defeat at the hands of the State of Wu, he fell fatally ill. Before his death, he entrusted state affairs and the guardianship of his son Liu Chan, the future emperor of Shu, to his prime minister, Zhuge Liang. This incident later became known as "entrusting the orphan at Baidi," a historical event which was much described in Chinese literature.
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