Choose languange China Travel Guide and China tour packagesChina Travel Guide China Travel Guide and China tour packagesvieje a china China Travel Guide and China tour packagesGiro giusto della Cina China Travel Guide and China tour packagesExcurs?o justa de China China Travel Guide and China tour packagesVoyage en Chine, Chine Excursions  China Travel Guide and China tour packageschina reisen China Travel Guide and China tour packages
China Travel Guide and China tour packages
Call us from USA: 415-287-0878
China travelog  |  China tours  |  Yangtze Cruise  |  City guide  |  China flight  |  China hotels  |  Travel tools 

Find a tour

Classic China Tours
Native Ethnic Visit
Three Gorges Cruise
Bike and Trek Adventure
City Tours
Cultural activities
Destinations:
Beijing
Shanghai
Hong Kong
Xian
Lhasa
Hangzhou
Suzhou
Guilin
Chengdu
Urumqi
Zhaoxing
Guangzhou

Testimonial

News of Yunmingyuan
Yuanmingyuan to be rebuilt?
Click to see more details of our best-sell China tour packages
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Home : China Guide : Beijing : Yuanmingyuan

In a quiet section of the suburbs of Beijing to the northwest of Qinghua University, there once stood a complex of gardens known as the Yuanmingyuan. Built in the Qing Dynasty, this "garden of gardens" was made up of the Garden of Perfection and Light (Yuanmingyuan), and the Garden of Ten Thousand Springtimes (Wanchunyuan).

The ruins of YuanmingyuanThe work of building the garden went on over a period of 150 years, beginning in around 1700. The grounds had a circumference of 10 kilometers and occupied an area of more than 347 hectares. Of the hundreds of large and small buildings, which once stood here, all that remains are a few ruins in stone, a sorry reminder of past greatness.

On October 5, 1860, the Anglo-French Allied Armies occupied the town of Haidian in the northwest suburbs of the capital, and on October 7 the mad plunder of the garden began. Finally, Lord Elgin's cavalry set the gardens on fire, leaving them to burn for three days and three nights. After their retreat, repairs were begun, but in 1900 the Eight-Power Allied Forces, leaving it in completer ruin, brought further destruction upon the garden. Before long, members of the imperial household and the warlords of the early Republican period took whatever could be made use of from out of the rubble, including wood, stones, bricks or tiles, away.

Visitors can now stroll about the ruins and view the remains of the following sites: the "Vista of the Square Teapot" on the northeast bank of the Sea of Fortune (Fuhai); 泞 the Green Mountain Hut near the northwestern gate; 脾 the Jade Islet of Sages in the middle of the Sea of Fortune; 洽 the Magnanimity of the Seas and Hills in the West Lake of the Garden of Eternal Spring; 娶 Sravasti City, modeled after the capital of the ancient Indian state of Kosala, which was a repository for statues of the Buddha. The ruins of the high walls of this "city" can still be traced today; and 散 the Source of Culture Pavilion (Wenyuange), which housed the collection of books known as the Complete Library in the Four Branches of Literature . Besides the remains of the pavilion, one will also notice numerous specimens of Taihu Lake stone lying abandoned in a pool in its courtyard. In addition, other scattered stone fragments and the flagstones from stone paths can be found in various spots throughout the surrounding hills and meandering streams.

The most striking ruin in the whole garden is the complex of Western-style buildings, the construction of which began in 1746, the 10th year of Emperor Qianlong' s reign. Situated near the northern wall of the Garden of Eternal Spring, these buildings were designed by the Jesuits Castiglione and Benoit. They included the Observatory and Hall of Tranquility, which were decorated with fine fountains and pools in the style of Versailles. In addition, their roofs and walls were embellished with glazed tiles in brilliant colors.

It is hoped that before long the splendor of the garden will be restored and that this exquisite cultural relic, once the private playground of emperors, will be open to visitors from all over the world.

In 1977, the Beijing municipality established a committee to undertake the renovation of the Yuanmingyuan Garden, the first organization of its kind to be set up since the destruction of the garden. Some of the stone carvings removed from the garden are now being returned from places such as Beijing University.

Beijing Tour Packages     Page 1  2  3
Beijing Travel Guide
About Beijing
Beijing City Tours
Beijing Photos
Beijing Hotels
Map of Beijing
Beijing Train Schedule
Beijing Flight Search
Weather of Beijing
Beijing 2008 Summer Olympic Games
China Quick Search
 Try Any word  
Need more informations?
Mr.   Mrs.   Miss
Name
Email
Message
Remark: If you like any tour package, please tell us the tour code.
  
Friendly Links
Travel Guide of Beijing
Home | Payment | About us | Contact us | Terms | Customer's Comment | Links | Beijing Travel Tips | Links

Partner sites:

China Travel China Tour Beijing Tour Shanghai Tour Guangzhou Hotel China Vacation Hong Kong Hotel Book China Hotel Canton Fair Business Yangshuo holiday Vietnam Tours

Expert in Beijing City travel services, Beijing City tours, Beijing City bike tours, Yangtze River cruise, Beijing City festivals, Beijing City trekking tour, Beijing City Minority Ethnic Culture tours. Copyright © 2004 Sinowaytravel.com™ All rights reserved.